Spatio-temporal evolution of fault networks : implications for deep radioactive waste disposal sites.
K. Hardacre, O. Scotti.
Eurosafe 2001; Nuclear Risk Management ; Paris- 5/6 nov 2001
The objective of this work is to provide estimates of both vertical and lateral propagation rates, on time scales of 100 000 years, for the faults systems known to be present today in the region of Bure, the site of an underground rock laboratory.
The project is divided into three parts:
1) literature review (fault growth processes and data),
2) benchmarking against data a numerical code that allows for spontaneous development and growth of faults
and 3) application to the Bure site.
A brief overview of fault growth processes and observed fault propagation rates shows that non-negligible values (20-50 mm/yrs or roughly 5 km in 100 000 years) can be reached. Preliminary results obtained from two numerical simulations 1) fault growth of a pre-existing weaknesses and 2) fault growth of a spontaneously generated fault system, provide encouraging results with values that are comparable with those observed in nature for the growth of normal fault systems.
The application to strike-slip system that characterizes the Bure site is still underway.