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Enhancing Nuclear Safety


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Use of contaminated well water, example reference biospheres 1 and 2A

P. Santucci (a), B. Kontic (b), P. Coughtrey (c), C. McKenney (d) and G. Smith (e)
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Volume 84, Issue 2 , Pages 151-170

Document type > *Article de revue

Keywords > modelling, radioactive waste, radionuclides

Research Unit > IRSN/DEI/SECRE/LME

Authors >

Publication Date > 20/12/2005

Summary

The BIOMASS programme's Theme 1 evaluated a number of scenarios, which assisted in the development of practical guidance. A total of four Example Reference Biospheres were fully developed, with the assumptions, data, and models thoroughly documented. These Examples display both the practicality and the transparency available through the use of the Reference Biosphere Methodology. While the methodology is designed to promote transparency and traceability, proper documentation and justification is still the responsibility of the user. The Examples can also be used as generic analyses in some situations. Although it is anticipated that each of the Reference Biospheres explored within BIOMASS Theme 1 should be a useful practical example, the quantitative results of the model calculations are not intended to be understood as prescribed biosphere ‘conversion factors’. In choosing to implement an Example, careful consideration would need to be given to their relevance (including associated data) to the particular assessment context at hand. In general, the more complex the model is, the more limited applicability it has for generic purposes. For example, ERB1A (direct use of well water for drinking) can be used straightforwardly, with minor or no adjustments, at a number of generic sites. Example 2A, however, for which climatic conditions and agricultural practices need to be specified, would need to be implemented for each specific situation

a- Institut de Radioprotection et Surete Nucleaire, France
b- Jozef Stefan Institute, Slovenia
c- Mouchel Consulting, UK
d- Nuclear Regulatory Commission, USA
e- Enviros, UK

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