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Enhancing Nuclear Safety


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Code simulation of quenching of a high temperature debris bed: model improvement and validation with experimental results

ICONE20 (20th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering) / 30th July-3rd August 2012, Anaheim (USA)

Document type > *Congrès/colloque

Keywords >

Research Unit > IRSN/DPAM/SEMCA/LESAM

Authors > BACHRATA Andrea, FICHOT Florian, REPETTO Georges, QUINTARD Michel, FLEUROT Joëlle

Publication Date > 30/07/2012

Summary

The loss of coolant accidents with core degradation e.g. TMI-2 and Fukushima demonstrated that the nuclear safety analysis has to cover accident sequences involving a late reflood activation in order to develop appropriate and reliable mitigation strategies for both, existing and advanced reactors. The reflood (injection of water) is possible if one or several water sources become avalaible during the accident. In a late phase of accident, no well-defined coolant paths would exist and a large part of the core would resemble to a debris bed e.g. particles with characteristic lenght-scale: 1 to 5 mm, as observed in TMI-2. The Frencj "Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire" (IRSN) is developing experimental programs (PEARL and PRELUDE) and simulation tools (ICARE-CATHARE and ASTEC) to study and optimize the severe accident management strategy and to assess the probabilities to stop he progress of in-vessel core degradation at a late stage of an accident. The purpose of this paper is to propose a consistent thermo-hydraulic model of reflood of severely damaged reactor core for ICARE-CATHARE code. The comparison of the calculations with PRELUDE experimental results is presented. It is shown that the quench front exhibits either a 1D behavior or a 2D one, depending on injections rate or bed characteristics. The PRELUDE data cover a rather large range of variation of parameters for which the developed model appears to be quite predictive.


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