Precipitate formation contributing to sump screens clogging of a nuclear power plant during an accident
Congress title :11ème Congrès de la Société Française de Génie des Procédés
Congress town :Saint Etienne
Congress date :09/10/2007
Document type >
chemical effect, design basis accident, head loss, precipitate, critical Rayleigh number
Research Unit >
ARMAND Yves, CANTREL Laurent, GALUSKOVA Dagmar, LISKA Marek, MATTEI Jean-Marie, ROUAIX Sandrine, SOLTESZ Bela, VICENA Yvan
Publication Date >
For many years, the French "Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire" has developed studies concerning chemical effects, which can occur during a loss of coolant accident (LOCA) on a Nuclear Power Plant, due to precipitate formation leading to an increase of head loss to sump screens. This increase can cause the loss of emergency core cooling system (ECCS) and of the containment spray system (CSS), which are two safety systems which ensure the accident mitigation.
These precipitates are formed by recombination of mineral species, which are released due to corrosion of immersed debris (particles of concrete, glass fibber insulation, piece of paint
). PHREEQC software has been used to identify nature and mass of precipitates that can form during a LOCA.
This report presents the results of sensitivity studies carried out with PHREEQC. Chemical precipitate formation is studied as a function of several physical parameters, such as temperature, pH, nature and debris concentration. The optimal conditions in order to reduce the formation of precipitates are drawn from these calculations.