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Characterization of altered absorptive and secretory functions in the rat colon after abdominal irradiation: comparison with the effects of total-body irradiation

Dublineau I, Morel E, Griffiths NM. Radiat Res 2002 Jan;157(1):52-61

Document type > *Article de revue

Keywords > digestive radiobiology, colon, irradiation

Research Unit > LRPAR_(Radiopathology research laboratory)

Authors > DUBLINEAU Isabelle

Publication Date > 01/01/2002

Summary

The aim of this work was to determine the alterations in the absorptive and secretory functions of the rat colon after abdominal irradiation and to compare the effects of abdominal and whole-body irradiation. Rats received an abdominal irradiation with 8 to 12 Gy and were studied at 1, 4 and 7 days after exposure. Water and electrolyte absorption was measured in vivo by insertion of an agarose cylinder into the colons of anesthetized rats. In vitro measurements of potential difference, short-circuit current and tissue conductance were performed in Ussing chambers under basal and agonist-stimulated conditions. Most of the changes appeared at 4 days after abdominal irradiation. At this time, a decrease in water and electrolyte absorption in the colon was observed for radiation doses >/=9 Gy. The response to secretagogues (VIP, 5-HT and forskolin) was attenuated after 10 and 12 Gy. Epithelial integrity, estimated by potential difference and tissue conductance, was altered from 1 to 7 days after 12 Gy abdominal irradiation. These results show that the function of the colon was affected by abdominal irradiation. Comparison with earlier results for total-body irradiation demonstrated a difference of 2 Gy in the radiation dose needed to induce changes in the function of the colon.

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