Effect of heavy ions on neuro-endocrine regulations
Adv Space Res 31(1) : 113-7
Lebaron-Jacobs L, Wysocki J, Clarencon D, Mathieu J, Maubert C, Aigueperse J.
During American and Russian short and long-term space flights neuroimmune dysregulations have been observed in man and rats for up to three months after the return. During Extra-Vehicular Activity, radiation exposure risk is greater to elicit short and/or long-term deleterious effects on the functional capacity of the neuroimmune system. In order to assess the effects of high LET events on neuroimmune networks, our preliminary ground-based study was to investigate brain inflammatory responses in mouse after low dose radiation exposure with high LET particles (12C, 95MeV/u, 42 mGy). Plasma corticosterone levels were rapidly (6 hours) increased by two-fold, then decreased 24 hours post-irradiation. At 3 days plasma corticosterone and ACTH concentrations were also two- to three-fold increased. Plasma ACTH levels were still elevated up to seven days to two months. Furthermore immune functions are under current assessment. The results of this study should allow a greater understanding of the effects of high LET particles on neuroimmune system.