SharePoint
Aide
IRSN, Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire

Search our site :

ok

Contact us :

ok
En Fr

Enhancing Nuclear Safety


Research

Publications

Cytochromes P450: Xenobiotic metabolism, regulation and clinical importance


Journal title : Annales de Biologie Clinique
Volume : 64
Issue : 6
Pagination : 535-548
Publication date : 01/11/2006

Summary

Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are a superfamily of 57 genes coding for drug metabolizing enzymes and endobiotic metabolizing enzymes (steroids, eicosanoids, vitamins...). This is the main metabolizing enzyme system for foreign compounds, including drugs, which has a primary role in organism protection against potential harmful insults from the environment (pollutants, pesticides...). The CYPs regulation is essentially transcriptional: nuclear receptors are recognized as key mediators for the control of drug metabolizing enzymes. Their ligands are exogenous and also endogenous molecules that can up-regulate or down-regulate these transcription factors. Treatment with drugs or xenobiotics, which are nuclear receptor agonists or antagonists, can lead to severe toxicities, loss of therapeutic effect or endobiotic metabolism disorders. Genetic polymorphisms of these enzymes have an important role in their activity and must be taken into account during drug administration. Then, CYP activity depends on genotype and environment; this is recently used as biomarker to determine human exposure to environmental molecules or to predict the susceptibility to certain pathologies.

Send Print

More about

Contact


Close

Send to a friend

The information you provide in this page are single use only and will not be saved.
* Required fields

Recipient's email:*  

Sign with your name:* 

Type your email address:*   

Add a message :

Do you want to receive a copy of this email?

Send

Cancel

Close

WP_IMPRIMER_TITLE

WP_IMPRIMER_MESSAGE

Back

Ok