Impact of bone marrow hematopoiesis failure on T-cell generation during pathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus infection in macaques
Volume 105, Issue 6, 15 March 2005, Pages 2403-2409
Experimental infection of macaques with pathogenic strains of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) represents one of the most relevant animal models for studying HIV pathogenesis. In this study, we demonstrated a significant decrease in the generation of CD4+ T cells from bone marrow (BM) CD34+ progenitors in macaques infected with SIVmac251. This decrease appears to result from changes in the clonogenic potential of BM progenitors of both the myeloid and lymphoid lineages. We also demonstrated a significant decrease in the numbers of the most immature long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs). Hematopoietic failure occurred as early as primary infection, in the absence of CD34+ BM cell infection and was not related to plasma viral load. No major change was observed in the phenotype of BM CD34+ cells from infected macaques, including apoptosis markers such as annexin V staining and BcL-2 expression, but a significantly higher that normal proportion of cells were in the G0/G1, phase. This is the first demonstration that failure of BM hematopoiesis results in impaired T-cell production, which may contribute to the disruption of T-lymphocyte homeostasis characteristic of pathogenic lentiviral infections in primates.