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L'ICP-MS : un outil pour le suivi des contaminations internes à l'uranium


Journal title : Canadian Journal of Analytical Sciences and Spectroscopy
Volume : 50
Issue :N° : 5
Pagination : 280-288
Publication date : 24/08/2005

Summary

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is considered as a very convenient technique for radionuclide measurement in the nuclear field owing to its high sensitivity and accuracy and to the possibility measuring a large range of masses. To study the different biokinetic behaviours of two different uranium oxides, insoluble UO2 and soluble UO4, in rats after successive inhalations, an analytical procedure to measure the quantity of uranium coming from each oxide was developed. The number ofbiological matrices studied was limited to three: two ways of the airborne uranium entry, i.e. the set lung/trachea and the gastro¬intestinal tract, and one way of excretion with urines. After repeated inhalations ofUO2followed by one acute inhalation of UO4, total uranium measurement in the different matrices was performed either with a kinetic phosphorescence analyzer (KPA), ICP-MS or with a-spectrometry. In addition, the amount of uranium coming from UO4, UO2 or natural uranium, respectively, was calculated by ICP-MS and a-spectrometry. All the results were comparedandfoundto be similar. As a conclusion, the analytical procedure developed with ICP-MS was validated and ICP-MS was confirmed to be an efficient toolfor the study of successive internal contaminations with uranium.

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