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Mesenchymal stem cells home to injured tissues when co-infused with hematopoietic cells to treat a radiation-induced multi-organ failure syndrome

Chapel A, Bertho JM, Bensidhoum M, Fouillard L, Young RG, Frick J, Demarquay C, Cuvelier F, Mathieu E, Trompier F, Dudoignon N, Germain C, Mazurier C, Aigueperse J, Borneman J, Gorin NC, Gourmelon P, Thierry D.
Journal of Gene Medicine - Volume 5, Issue 12, December 2003, Pages 1028-1038

Summary

Background: Recent studies have suggested that ex vivo expansion of autologous hematopoietic cells could be a therapy of choice for the treatment of bone marrow failure. We investigated the potential of a combined infusion of autologous ex vivo expanded hematopoietic cells with mesenchymal (MSCs) for the treatment of multi-organ failure syndrome following irradiation in a non-human primate model. Methods: Hematopoietic cells and MSCs were expanded from bone marrow aspirates. MSCs were transduced with the gene encoding for the green fluorescent protein (e-GFP), in order to track them following infusion. Twelve animals were studied. Nine animals received total-body irradiation at 8 Gy from a neutron/gamma source thus resulting in heterogeneous exposure; three animals were sham-irradiated. The animals were treated with expanded hematopoietic stem cells and MSCs, expanded hematopoietic stem cells alone, or MSCs alone. Unmanipulated bone marrow cell transplants were used as controls. Results: Depending on the neutron/gamma ratio, an acute radiation sickness of varying severity but of similar nature resulted. GFP-labeled cells were found in the injured muscle, skin, bone marrow and gut of the treated animals via PCR up to 82 days post-infusion. Conclusions: This is the first evidence of expanded MSCs homing in numerous tissues following a severe multi-organ injury in primates. Localization of the transduced MSCs correlated to the severity and geometry of irradiation. A repair process was observed in various tissues. The plasticity potential of the MSCs and their contribution to the repair process in vivo remains to be studied.
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