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Enhancing Nuclear Safety


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Integral large scale experiments on hydrogen combustion for severe accident code validation HYCOM

W. Breitung, S. Dorofeev, A. Kotchourko, R. Redlinger, W. Scholtyssek, A. Bentaïb, J.P. L'Heriteau, P. Pailhories, J. Eyink, M. Movahed, K.G. Petzold, M. Heitsch, V. Alekseev, A. Denkevits, M. Kuznetsov, A. Efimenko, M.V. Okun, T. Huld, D. Baraldi,

Nuclear Engineering and Design, volume 235, Issues 2-4, pp 253-270,

Rapport IRSN-DSR/61

Summary

A joint research project was carried out in the EU Fifth Framework Programme concerning hydrogen risk in a nuclear power plant. The goals were: Firstly, to create a new data base of results on hydrogen combustion experiments in the slow to turbulent combustion regimes. Secondly, to validate the partners CFD and lumped parameter codes on the experimental data, and to evaluate suitable parameter sets for application calculations. Thirdly, to conduct a benchmark exercise by applying the codes to the full scale analysis of a postulated hydrogen combustion scenario in a light water reactor containment after a core melt accident. The paper describes the work programme of the project and the partners activities. Significant progress has been made in the experimental area, where test series in medium and large scale facilities have been carried out with the focus on specific effects of scale, multi-compartment geometry, heat losses and venting. The data were used for the validation of the partners CFD. Finally, a benchmark exercise was conducted by applying the codes to the full scale analysis of a hydrogen combustion scenario. The comparison and assessment of the results of the validation phase and of the challenging containment calculation exercise allows a deep insight in the quality, capabilities and limits of the CFD and the lumped parameter tools which are currently in use at various research laboratories.

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