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Radionuclide sheet

Cobalt-60 and the environment: appendices

Common radioecological parameters: terrestrial environments


Water-soil distribution coefficient Kd (Bq/kg of dry soil per Bq/L of water)

(IAEA. 2010)



Foliar transfer factor (Bq/kg of dry plant per Bq/m2)

(Colle et al., 1996)



Root transfer factor (Bq/kg of dry plant per Bq/kg of dry soil)

*: if unspecified temperate environment (1IAEA, 2010; 2Colle et al., 1991))



Transfer factor for animal products (j/kg or j/L)

(1 Coughtrey and Thorne. 1983; 2 IAEA 2010; 3 Green and Woodman. 2003)



Food processing transfer factor (Bq/kgwet of product processed per Bq/kgwet of unprocessed product)

(1 IAEA. 2010; 2 Roussel-Debet and Réal. 1995; 3 Colle and Roussel-Debet. 1994)



Common radioecological parameters: fresh water


Water-suspended matter distribution coefficient Kd (Bq/kg of dry solid per Bq/L of water)

(Fournier-Bidoz and Garnier-Laplace. 1994; Albrecht. 2003; IAEA 2010)


Concentration factor in plants (L/kg wet weight)

(Adam. 1997; Beaugelin et al., 1995; Coughtrey and Thorne. 1983; IAEA. 2009. 2010)


Concentration factor in animals (L/kg wet weight) 

(Adam. 1997; Coughtrey and Thorne. 1983; Fraysse et al., 2002; IAEA. 2009. 2010)



Trophic transfer factor (Bq/kg of fresh predator per Bq/kg of fresh prey)

(Adam. 1997)



Animal-sediment concentration factor (Bq/kg wet weight per Bq/kg sediment)

(IAEA, 2010)




Water-sediment distribution coefficient Kd (Bq/kg of dry solid per Bq/L of water)

(1 GRNC, 1999; 2 IAEA, 2004)



Concentration factor (Bq/kg of wet plant per Bq/L of water)

(1 IAEA, 2004; 2 GRNC, 1999)



Concentration factor (Bq/kg wet weight of animal per Bq/L of water)

(1 GRNC, 1999; 2 IAEA, 2004)



Food processing transfer factor (Bq/kgwet of product processed per Bq/kgwet of unprocessed product)

(IAEA, 2010)



Radiotoxicological parameters


Dose conversion coefficients (DCCs), expressed in wet weight 


Terrestrial environment

*nd: DCC non determinable due to distance



Fresh water


Ocean water

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60Co environment sheet

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The others radionuclides sheets


Revision en 2010
  • Terrestrial ecosystem

Frédéric Coppin

  • Continental aquatic ecosystem

Béatrice Gagnaire

  • Marine ecosystem

Philippe Laguionie

Dominique Boust

  • Metrology

Xavier Cagnat

Romain Vidal

Jean-Louis Picolo

  • Concentrations in the environnement

Philippe Renaud



Karine Beaugelin-Seiller

Selected bibliography

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