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Radionuclide sheet

Natural Uranium and the environment: appendices


 

Review of measurement methods

 

(1) Detection limits for gamma and alpha spectrometry measurement
(2) Quantification limits for measurement using fluorometry, ICP-AES and ICP-MS

 

 

Usual radioecological parameters: terrestrial environment

 

Water-soil distribution coefficient Kd (Bq/kg of dry soil per Bq/L of water)

(IAEA, 2010)

 

 

Foliar transfer factor (Bq/kg of dry plant per Bq/m2)

 

No value

 

 

Root transfer factor (Bq/kg of dry plant per Bq/kg of dry soil)

*temperate environment (IAEA, 2010)

 

 

Transfer factor for animal products (j/kg or j/L)

(IAEA, 2010)

 


Transfer factor for food processing

 

No value

 

Usual radioecological parameters: freshwater environment

 

Water-suspended solids distribution coefficient Kd (Bq/kg of dry solid per Bq/L of water)

(Onishi et al., 1981; IAEA, 1994, IAEA, 2010)

 


Concentration factor in plants (Bq/kg of wet plant per Bq/L of water)

(Pibril and Marvan, 1976; IAEA, 2010)

 

 

Concentration factor in animals (Bq/kg of fresh animal per Bq/L of water)

(Kimura et al., 1994; Labrot et al., 1996; Ribera et al., 1996; Simon and Garnier-Laplace, 2004; IAEA, 2010)


 

Concentration factor in animals (Bq/kg of fresh animal per Bq/kg of sediment)

(IAEA, 2010)

 

 

Trophic transfer factor (Bq/kg of fresh predator per Bq/kg of fresh prey)

(Simon and Garnier-Laplace, 2005;  Simon et al, 2010)

 

 

Usual radioecological parameters: marine environment

 

Water-sediment distribution coefficient Kd (Bq/kg of dry solid per Bq/L of water)

(1GRNC, 1999; 2IAEA, 2004)

 

 

Concentration factor (Bq/kg of fresh plant per Bq/L of water)

(1IAEA, 2004; 2GRNC, 1999)
 

 

Concentration factor (Bq/kg of fresh animal per Bq/L of water)

(1GRNC, 1999; 2IAEA, 2004)

 

 

Radiotoxicological parameters

 

Dose conversion coefficients (DCC, 238U), expressed in wet weight 

 

Terrestrial environment

 

*nd: DCC non determinable due to distance

 

 

Freshwater

 

*nd: DCC non determinable due to distance

 

 

Seawater

*nd: DCC non determinable due to distance


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Uranium environment sheet

Read the sheet

The others radionuclides sheets

Contributors

Revision in 2010

  • Terrestrial ecosystem

Laureline Février 

  • Continental aquatic ecosystem

Olivier Simon 

  • Marine ecosystem

Dominique Boust

Julien Pommier 

  • Metrology

Céline Augeray

Béatrice Boulet

Xavier Cagnat

Jeanne Loyen

Jean-Louis Picolo

Romain Vidal 

  • Concentrations in the environnement

Philippe Renaud

 

Verification

Karine Beaugelin-Seiller

Selected bibliography

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  • AFNOR (2003b). Énergie nucléaire - Mesure de la radioactivité dans l'environnement - Eaux - Partie 2 : mesurage de la concentration de l'uranium dans l'eau par spectroscopie d'émission atomique avec plasma couplé par induction (indice de classement : NF M 60-805-2). Norme NF M60-805-2.
  • AFNOR (2005a). Énergie nucléaire - Mesure de la radioactivité dans l'environnement - Eaux - Partie 5 : Mesurage de l’activité et de la concentration de l'uranium dans l'eau par spectrométrie alpha (indice de classement : NF M 60-805-5) Norme NF M-60-805-5.
  • AFNOR (2005b). Énergie nucléaire - Mesure de la radioactivité dans l'environnement - Eaux - Partie 4 : Mesurage de l'uranium dans l'eau par spectroscopie de masse avec plasma couplé par induction (indice de classement : NF M 60-805-4). Norme NF 60-805-4.
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