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IRSN, Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire

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Enhancing Nuclear Safety


Publications

IRSN's thematic booklets

Chernobyl's Accident

Booklet ChernobylDate published : 1998 - updated 2006 and 2011

The Chernobyl accident, the radioactive discharge after the accident in Belarus, inUkraine, within the Russian Federation, as well as in Europe and in France, the state of contamination, the sanitary and ecological consequences in the contaminated territories around the Chernobyl power station and in France, and the state of the site today are described on the basis of confirmed information from local, French and international sources.

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More information about the Chernobyl accident

 

Radioactive waste management

booklet radioactive wasteDate published : 2002 - updated 2013

Radioactive waste is generated not only by the electrical power industry, but also by hospitals, universities, and some industries outside the nuclear sector. All the regulations specifically applicable to waste in general also apply to radioactive waste. However, radioactive waste emits radiation, and is therefore considered as a specific human health hazard. For this reason, its management demands special precautions from source to final destination. The creation of specially adapted elimination processes is a major challenge for all concerned, for industry, regulatory authorities, government bodies, local authorities, and the general public.

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Radon

RadonDate published : 1997 - updated 2010

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas produced by the disintegration of the uranium and radium present in the earth’s crust. This radioactive gas is one of the triggers of lung cancer, although far behind tobacco. Radon can accumulate in confined spaces and in particular in homes. Methods of decreasing its concentration in houses are simple: houses, cellars and waste disposal units need to be aired and ventilated, and the water-tightness of walls and floors should be reinforced.

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Transportation of radioactive materials

Transport of radioactive materialsDate published : 2000 - updated 2010

A sensitive phase during the fuel cycle, the transportation of radioactive material must be afforded special attention by the control authorities. This presentation describes,in depth, the defence procedure implemented to ensure the safety of these transportations.

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Radioecology

Booklet radioecologyDate published : 2001

Naturally occuring and artificial radionuclides are present in a variety of environments and can affect human beings, primarily via food chains. The function of radioecology is to detect radionuclides, measure their concentrations, discover their transfer mechanisms and provide data for estimating radiation doses received by the population.

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