As soon as the French nuclear industry took off in the early 1970s, it became necessary to monitor its facilities and control discharges with particular care.
Until the 1990s, radioecology was a discipline devoted entirely to the radiation protection of man. By verifying that the impact of discharges was negligible for man, it was believed that it was also negligible for other species. However, this has since been called into question. And as a result, monitoring has changed. It now also monitors radioactivity in flora and fauna and the various parts of the ecosystems.