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Etude de la composition isotopique des eaux porales de l'argilite de Tournemire (France): inter-comparaison


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Titre de la revue : Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Volume : 32 N° : 1-7 Pagination : 209-218 Date de publication : 01/02/2007

Résumé

The determination of stable isotope contents of pore-water from consolidated argillaceous rocks remains a critical issue. In order to understand the processes involved in techniques developed for acquiring stable isotope compositions of pore-water, a comparative study between different methods was based on core samples of the Tournemire argillite. It concerns two water extraction techniques based on vacuum distillation and two pore-water equilibration techniques (radial diffusion in liquid phase and diffusive exchange in vapor phase). The water-content values obtained from vacuum distillation at 50 °C are always the lowest, on average 8% lower than the values obtained by heating at 105 °C and 17% lower than the values obtained by heating at 150 °C. The amounts of pore-water estimated from vacuum distillation at 105 °C and 150 °C and from radial diffusion method are in good agreement with those determined by heating. On the contrary, the vapor exchange method provides the highest values of water contents. Concerning stable isotope data, a good agreement was found between those obtained by equilibration techniques and those of fracture water, especially for 2H. Vacuum distillation at high temperature (particularly at 150 °C) also provided results consistent with data of fracture fluids. On the other hand, distillation at 50 °C provides a systematic depletion in heavy isotopes (about -20‰ for 2H and -2.7‰ for 18O) that can be modelled by an incomplete Rayleigh-type distillation process.