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Evaluation de l'importance des couplages thermo-hydro-mécaniques sur les performances d'un concept de stockage de déchets fortement radioactifs.


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A Rejeb

congrès international de mécanique des roches ISRM2003, 08-12/09/2003, Gauteng Afrique du Sud.

Type de document > *Congrès/colloque

Mots clés > déchets radioactifs, stockage profond

Unité de recherche > IRSN/DEI/SARG/BEHRIG

Auteurs > REJEB Amel

Date de publication > 03/09/2003

Résumé

An evaluation of the importance of the thermo-hydro-mechanical couplings (THM) on the performance assessment of a deep underground storage design has been made as part of the international DECOVALEX III project. It is a numerical study that simulates a generic repository configuration in the near field in a granite medium. The thermo-hydro-mechanical evolution of the whole configuration is simulated over a period of 100 years. The model used to represent the unsaturated behaviour of the various porous media makes allowance for moisture transfers through the effect of thermal and water gradients. The paper presents a comparison of the temperature, water pressure and stress fields obtained by TM, TH, HM and THM coupled calculations. The results demonstrate that temperature is hardly affected by the couplings. In contrast the influence of the couplings on the mechanical stresses is considerable. This is attributed to the key role that water has on bentonite swelling or shrinkage effects that are dependent on its saturation level variations.