This study aims to investigate, through mineralogical characterization (SEM, XRD) and mass-balance calculations, the effects of contact time, concrete types and presence of free water on the Tournemire argillite under in situ conditions. Three sampling zones from Excavation Disturbed Zone (EDZ) areas have been chosen: (1) dry contacts, collected at the tunnel masonry/argillite interface (contact time - 125 years), (2) wet contacts, taken close to drained areas below the tunnel roadbed in contact with the canal draining the Cernon fault water (contact time - 15 and 7 years) and at the tunnel masonry/argillite interface over 70 m from the Cernon fault (contact time - 125 years). This study shows that:•in the absence of water, no significant modification of argillite is observed after 125 years, except for pyrite dissolution and gypsum precipitation.•in the presence of water, precipitation of gypsum, recrystallization of mixed-layer clays, neoformation of zeolites and K-feldspars overgrowths are observed. At the concrete/argillite interface near the Cernon fault, important dolomite neoformation and leaching of chlorite and kaolinite occur. These processes are enhanced with contact time, low flow rate and the nature of the concrete (compound cement Portland CEM II 32.5). Evidence for oxidation processes linked to the EDZ (pyrite oxidation, Fe-oxy-hydroxide and gypsum precipitation) is observed.
a Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, DEI, SARG, Route du Panorama, BP 17, 92262 Fontenay aux Roses Cedex, France
b CNRS-UMR 5143, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Bâtiment de Géologie, 43 rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France
c Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, UMR 8110 CNRS, USTL, Bat. SN5, Processus Bilans, UMR 8110, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France