Effects of Cd and Zn waterborne exposure on the uptake and depuration of 57Co, 110mAg and 134Cs by the Asiatic clam (Corbicula fluminea) and the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha)-whole organism study.
B. Fraysse, J.P. Baudin, J. Garnier-Laplace, C. Adam, A. Boudou
Environmental Pollution, 118 (2002), 297-306.
Groups of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) and asiatic clams (Corbicula fluminea) were exposed to cadmium and zinc with the aim of studying the effect of these metals on the 57Co, 110mAg and 134Cs uptake and depuration by these freshwater bivalves. In the presence of zinc, the 57Co concentration factor for the whole organism of the two species was halved, notably because of a decrease of the uptake parameter. Conversely, zinc and the Cd + Zn mixture increased the 110mAg uptake process by clams and mussels. The two metals also, increased the depuration of this radionuclide in mussels, whereas this phenomenon was only observed in clams exposed to cadmium. In comparison with 57Co and 110mAg, the 134Cs bioconcentration was 5-10 times lower in D. polymorpha and not detected in C. fluminea. This weak contamination by this radionuclide resulted from a lower uptake and a higher depuration parameters.