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Histological changes of the digestive epithelium in Calanus finmarchicus: an index for diapause?


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D. Bonnet,  R. P. Harris, S. Hay, A. Ingvarsdottir, O. Simon
Mar Biol Volume 151 n° 1 Pagination 313-326 Mars 2007

Type de document > *Article de revue

Mots clés >

Unité de recherche > IRSN/DEI/SECRE/LRE

Auteurs > SIMON Olivier

Date de publication > 01/03/2007

Résumé

Samples collected in the Irminger Basin during the Marine Productivity Programme (2001–2004) were used to study Calanus finmarchicus vertical distribution and histological changes of its mid-gut epithelium in relation to overwintering strategy. Previous studies have shown that cell composition of the glandular part of the mid-gut, size and abundance of B cells responsible for digestive enzyme secretion and thickness of the epithelium could be good indicators of individual physiological state. We used C. finmarchicus abundance, vertical distribution, lipid sac volume and
mid-gut epithelium histological composition of individuals collected in contrasting hydrographic areas of the Irminger Basin and sampled at different seasons to
understand C. finmarchicus life cycle in the Irminger Basin. Lipid sac volumes were significantly different between the seasons but neither between the hydographic areas nor the various depths of the water column. B cells concentrations and thickness of the epithelium have allowed us to distinguish a non-diapausing
surface population (350 m) in the East Greenland Current while individuals at depth (1,250 m) were overwintering. This result is correlated by a bimodal vertical distribution of the CV in this biozone. In the other hydrographic areas, all CV were dormant, although surface individuals were not analysed in the Southern Irminger Current.