References Biospheres for solid radioactive waste disposal.
IAEA Vienne / AIEA BIOMASS 6 - report on theme 1 of Biomass Programme (BIOspere Modelling and ASSesment) july 2003
Theme 1 of the BIOMASS project was established with the objective of developing the concept of ‘Reference Biospheres’ into a practical system for application to the assessment of the long-term safety of repositories for radioactive waste. The project involved regulators, proponents of radioactive waste disposal and independent experts gathered from twelve countries. The outcome is the 'BIOMASS Methodology' developed through the construction of a number of ‘Example Reference Biospheres’. The examples illustrate the use of the Methodology and are also intended to be useful in their own right by acting as standard (or reference), stylised biospheres, in the way suggested by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP).