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Porous materials with two populations of voids under internal pressure: I. Instantaneous constitutive relations


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Titre de la revue : International Journal of Solids and Structures Volume : 46 N° : 3-4 Pagination : 480-506 Date de publication : 01/02/2009

Type de document > *Article de revue

Mots clés > endommagement, micromécanique, plasticité

Unité de recherche > IRSN/DPAM/SEMCA/LEC

Auteurs > MONERIE Yann, SUQUET Pierre, VINCENT Pierre-Guy

Date de publication > 01/02/2009

Résumé

This study is devoted to the mechanical behavior of uranium dioxide (UO2) which is a porous material with two populations of voids of very different size subjected to internal pressure. The smallest voids are intragranular and spherical in shape whereas the largest pores located at the grain boundary are ellipsoidal and randomly oriented. In this first part of the study, attention is focused on the effective properties of these materials with fixed microstructure. In a first step the poroelastic properties of these doubly voided materials are studied. Then two rigorous upper bounds are derived for the effective poro-plastic constitutive relations of these materials. The first bound, obtained by generalizing the approach of Gologanu et al. (1994) to compressible materials, is accurate at high stress-triaxiality. The second one, which derives from the variational method of Ponte Castaneda (1991), is accurate when the stress triaxiality is low. A N-phase model, inspired by Bilger et al. (2002), is proposed which matches the best of the two bounds at low and high triaxiality. The effect of internal pressures is discussed. In particular it is shown that when the two internal pressures coincide, the effective flow surface of the saturated biporous material is obtained from that of the drained material by a shift along the hydrostatic axis. However, when the two pressures are different, the modifications brought to the effective flow surface in the drained case involve not only a shift along the hydrostatic axis but also a change in shape and size of the surface.