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A propos de la nature des aérosols produits lors d'un accident grave d'un réacteur nucléaire refroidi à l'eau


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Titre de la revue : Nuclear Engineering and Design Volume : 238 N° : 10 Pagination : 2792-2800 Date de publication : 01/10/2008

Type de document > *Article de revue

Mots clés > accident, aérosols, circuit primaire, composition, enceinte de confinement, réacteur, taille

Unité de recherche > IRSN/DPAM/SEMIC/LETR

Auteurs > KISSANE Martin

Date de publication > 01/10/2008

Résumé

Particle behaviour depends strongly on classic characteristics, e.g., size, and less macroscopic ones involving structure and composition these being especially important in situations of strong differential forces on a particle, i.e., surface impact or intensely shearing flows. The former situation may lead to particle deposition or break-up and re-entrainment (with potential accident-management implications). This paper reviews information on aerosols from prototypical experiments identifying common features and typical variations. It emerges that a particle comprising one-third metal, one-third metal oxide and one third a mixture of fission-product species would not be out of place in any potential reactor-accident sequence. Particle shapes appear relatively compact without branching chain-like structures. On size and structure, aerosols in the upstream part of the primary circuit would comprise a near-lognormal population with AMMD no more than 2µm and geometric standard deviation around 2, particles comprising agglomerates of highly coordinated clusters as small as 0.1µm. In the containment, aerosols can typically be represented by primary circuit particles and their agglomerates though particular circumstances (core–concrete interaction, hot-leg accident sequence) can alter this simple picture.