Potential role of the membrane in the development of intestinal cellular damage after whole-body gamma irradiation of the rat
Lebrun F, Benderitter M, Berroud A, Voisin P, Griffiths NM
Can J Physiol Pharmacol 80(7): 686-93
Our study emphasizes the effect of gamma irradiation on intestinal cell membrane fluidity and addresses the potential relationships existing between radiation-induced lipoperoxidation, membrane fluidity, and changes in membrane protein activities. Male Wistar rats were exposed to an 8-Gy total body irradiation (60Co source) and studied 1, 4, and 7 days after irradiation (D1, D4, and D7). Membrane enzyme activities and fluorescence anisotropy were determined on small intestinal crude membrane preparations. The supernatants of membrane preparations as well as plasma were used for malonedialdehyde (MDA) quantification. The effect of carbamylcholine on electrical parameters was estimated on distal ileum placed in Ussing chambers. We observed a decrease in fluorescence anisotropy for at least 7 days, an increase in membrane production of MDA at D4, a decrease in membrane enzyme activities at D4, but an amplification of carbamylcholine-induced increase in short-circuit current at D4 and D7. Furthermore, correlations were observed between the 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene anisotropy coefficient and sucrase activity and between MDA levels and leucine aminopeptidase activity. Thus, total body irradiation induces changes in intestinal membrane fluidity and an increase in lipoperoxidation. These modifications may have an impact on the activity of membrane proteins involved in intestinal function.