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La Recherchev2

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OEDIPE: a new graphical user interface for fast construction of numerical phantoms and MCNP calculations


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Titre de la revue : Radiation Protection Dosimetry Volume : 127 N° : 1-4 Pagination : 262-265 Date de publication : 01/11/2007

Type de document > *Article de revue

Mots clés >

Unité de recherche > IRSN/DRPH/SDI/LEDI

Auteurs > BROGGIO David, DE CARLAN Loïc, FRANCK Didier, LAMART Stéphanie, PIERRAT Noëlle

Date de publication > 01/11/2007

Résumé

Although great efforts have been made to improve the physical phantoms used to calibrate in vivo measurement systems, these phantoms represent a single average counting geometry and usually contain a uniform distribution of the radionuclide over the tissue substitute. As a matter of fact, significant corrections must be made to phantom-based calibration factors in order to obtain absolute calibration efficiencies applicable to a given individual. The importance of these corrections is particularly crucial when considering in vivo measurements of low energy photons emitted by radionuclides deposited in the lung such as actinides. Thus, it was desirable to develop a method for calibrating in vivo measurement systems that is more sensitive to these types of variability. Previous works have demonstrated the possibility of such a calibration using the Monte Carlo technique. Our research programme extended such investigations to the reconstruction of numerical anthropomorphic phantoms based on personal physiological data obtained by computed tomography. New procedures based on a new graphical user interface (GUI) for development of computational phantoms for Monte Carlo calculations and data analysis are being developed to take advantage of recent progress in image-processing codes. This paper presents the principal features of this new GUI. Results of calculations and comparison with experimental data are also presented and discussed in this work.