A test room for studying area and personal aerosol sampling.
S. Fauvel, O. Witschger, European aerosol conference (EAC), 3-8 september 2000, Dublin.
Aerosol exposure by inhalation is of great interest in occupational health, representing a major source of hazard in many occupational environments. The nature and magnitude of the hazard in a given situation depend on a combination of many factors, including: (a) particle size distribution (which governs how the aerosol is inhaled, and how it penetrates into and is deposited in the respiratory tract); (b) airborne concentration (which governs how much is deposited); and (c) morphology, chemical composition (which govern the fate and biological responses to the presence of particles).
The European Council Directive 96/29/EURATOM (1996) lays down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionising radiations. This directive allows using these aerosol characteristics measured in workplace to assess the effective radiation dose of workers resulting from the intake by inhalation of airborne radionuclides.