Reactive transport modelling of a spent fuel repository in a stiff clay formation considering excavation damaged zones
Laurent De Windt 1, Delphine Pellegrini2 and Jan van der Lee1
Received September 11, 2003; accepted March 17, 2004 Radiochim. Acta 92, 841–848 (2004) ÆÉ by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag,München
The near-field evolution of a spent fuel disposal in a deep stiff clay formation is studied with the coupled ample that such models can be currently used for geometries (2D and 3D) and time scales (100000 y) relevant for performance assessment. The repository consists of short tunnels with MX80 bentonite barriers and cementitious materials for mechanical support. Cesium, iodine and uranium are released from the waste packages considering instant release fractions and congruent dissolution of the fuel pellets. The calculations are carried out with special focus on the excavation damaged zone (EDZ) comparing diffusion process and different advection scenarios in this zone. Cement represents a source of alkaline perturbations but, under the pure diffusion scenario, the alteration of the multi-barrier system remains limited. The presence of the EDZ does not significantly modify radionuclide migration in the pure diffusion case. The advection scenarios, even with very slow flow velocities, illustrate the possibility of preferential pathways through the EDZ for io-dine but show almost no effect on the alkaline plume and cesium migration.
(1) Ecole des Mines de Paris, 35, rue Saint Honoré, 77305 Fontainebleau Cedex, France
(2) Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, 60–68 Av. G. Leclerc, BP 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses Cedex, France