Numerical simulations of fire-induced doorway flows in a small scale enclosure
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer / Volume 81, pages 578-590, février 2015
Field simulation results of a fire, centered in a small scale enclosure (1.04 m3) with an open doorway, performed with the CFD computer code ISIS, are presented. Three heat release rates of 10.6, 15.5 and 21.7 kW, provided with a propane gas burner, are numerically studied and compared to experimental results. Turbulence and soot modeling are first validated by simulating the gas burner fire in an open atmosphere for the three fire powers. Due to the complex role of buoyancy in production of turbulence inside a pool fire plume, anisotropic modeling, through the generalized gradient diffusion hypothesis, is considered in the standard k–ε model. The comparisons between experimental measurements and numerical simulation results, for the enclosure fire, concern temperature and velocity profiles at the doorway and temperature profiles inside the enclosure. Velocity measurements at the open doorway are performed using a stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (SPIV) technique, allowing a full comparison with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results. For the three heat release rates, the simulation results agree well with experimental measurements. General flow patterns, provided by CFD simulations, are reported for the highest fire power and supply useful information for understanding enclosure fires.