Management of radio-contaminated sites : analysis of various public policies
Marie Hélène Massuelle, Jean Brenot
IRPA-10: 10. international congress of the International Radiation Protection Association Hiroshima (Japan) 14-19 May 2000, P9-117
This paper deals with the management of sites that were contaminated with radioactive substances in the past because of industrial practices, such as mining, milling and processing of uranium ores, radium luminizing industry, and thorium processing. Contaminations due to nuclear weapons testing, nuclear accidents and on going practices are not considered. The management refers to the protection of the near populations and of the people who are using the site now or who might use it in the future.
International organizations have issued recommendations which apply to these contaminated sites. The concepts called for to manage these de facto situations are justification, optimization and intervention levels. At present time, this conceptual system is a matter of discussion by IAEA itself and the countries, e.g. the United-Kingdom . Few countries have yet elaborated regulations or guidelines concerning the treatment and the use of contaminated sites. The United States has one regulation in preparation that will be generally applicable whereas most countries follow the recommendations of their national radiation protection board on a case by case basis.
This paper aims at comparing public policies in several countries by developing first, how policies are defined, and second, how they are implemented in practice.