Seismic design regulation codes : contribution of k-net data to site effect evaluation.
P. LUSSOU*,P.Y. BARD, and F. COTTON
Journal of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 5, N° 1, 13-33
* étudiant en contrat de thèse à l'IRSN 1998-2001.
The purpose of this study is to compare the site effect section of building codes (EC8 and UBC97) with the set of data provided by the Kyoshin network. In order to obtain a set of site coefficients and spectral shapes, we have first deduced an attenuation law for both horizontal and vertical motion. Site conditions are represented by the shear velocity averaged over the upper 30 m (V30). Our site classification (4 categories similar to, those proposed in the new EC8 and the UBC97) is based on borehole investigations at every station. This classification has permitted to distinguish clearly four response spectra which demonstrates the efficiency of V30 as characterising site conditions. Our law is then used to test site coefficients and spectral shapes of building codes EC8 and UBC97. Concerning spectral shapes and site coefficients, our results are found to be in good agreement with EC8 and UBC97 only if category B (400 < V330 < 800 m/S) is taken as reference. We also conclude that a site which is characterised as "rock” on geological criteria can not generally be classified in category A (V30, > 800 m/s). This suggests that classification in category A should be based only on field measurements. Concerning vertical motion, our analysis of the K-NET data shows that the ratio av/ah (vertical peak ground acceleration over horizontal peak ground acceleration) is between 0.50 and 0.68.