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Am-241 Remobilization in a calcareous soil under simplified rhizospheric conditions studies by column experiments.



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T. Perrier, A. Martin-Garin, M. Morello
J Environ Radioact. 2005; 79(2):205-2

Type de document > *Article de revue

Mots clés > radioprotection, américium, ENVIRHOM (programme), Kd, rhizosphère, sol

Unité de recherche > IRSN/DEI/SECRE/LRE

Auteurs > MARTIN-GARIN Arnaud, MORELLO Marcel

Date de publication > 06/01/2005


The effects of simplified rhizospheric conditions on the leaching of 241 Am from a calcareous soil, freshly contaminated,were investigated in batch and column experiments.Glucose and/ or citrate were used as arti .cial exudate solutions at concentrations ranging from 10-4 to 10-2 mol dm-3 .Am desorption,expressed in terms of distribution coefficients,varied from Kd > 10 + 4 dm+3 kg-1 corresponding to a majority of experimental conditions,to Kd < 10 2 dm 3 kg 1 when citrate combined or not with glucose was used at R > 10-2 mol dm-3 Soil columns revealed successive steady states coupled with transitory episodes,the latter represented up to 90%of the total Am release. 241Am fractions with di .erent behaviours were thus highlighted in columns whereas batch only accounted for highest Am mobile fractions.The implications of the di .erent processes are discussed in terms of modelling approach and risk assessment.