Estimating biological half-lifes of radionuclides in marine compartments from environmental time-series measurements.
B. Fievet, D. Plet
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 65 (2003) 91-107.
Modelling radionuclide transfers between seawater and marine species on a short time scale basis requires being able to take into account the transfer kinetics. This means (1) to implement the effect of the biological half-lives of radionuclides togheter with the concentration factor in the calculation of transfers and (2) to get these kinetic parameters for each element and species. Biological half-lives are usually determined from laboratory labelling experiments with the challenge to match natural environmental conditions. The present work proposes a simple model that implements the effect of kinetic paramenters in the calculation of transfers. This model is also used to derive the biological half-life and the concentration factor for 137 Cs from time-series measurements of environmental concentrations in seawater and in the brown alga Fucus serratus, as an example. These transfer parameters are finally used to predict the Cs activities in Fucus serratus on the English Channel shores.