Faire avancer la sûreté nucléaire

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Données thermodynamiques de réactions impliquant l'iode calculées par chimie quantique. Jeu de molécules test



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Titre de la revue : Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications Volume : 73 N° : 10 Pagination : 1340-1356 Date de publication : 19/11/2008

Type de document > *Article de revue

Mots clés > chimie quantique, iode, réactivité en phase gazeuse, sûreté nucléaire, thermochimie

Unité de recherche > IRSN/DPAM/SEMIC/LETR

Auteurs > CANTREL Laurent, CERNUSAK Ivan, MECIAROVA Katarina

Date de publication > 19/11/2008


This paper focuses on the reactivity of iodine which is the most critical radioactive contaminant with potential short-term radiological consequences to the environment. The radiological risk assessments of 131I volatile fission products rely on studies of the vapour-phase chemical reactions proceeding in the reactor coolant system (RCS), whose function is transferring the energy from the reactor core to a secondary pressurised water line via the steam generator. Iodine is a fission product of major importance in any reactor accident because numerous volatile iodine species exist under reactor containment conditions. In this work, the comparison of the thermodynamic data obtained from the experimental measurements and theoretical calculations (approaching "chemical accuracy") is presented. Ab initio quantum chemistry methods, combined with a standard statistical-thermodynamical treatment and followed by inclusion of small energetic corrections (approximating full configuration interaction and spin-orbit effects) are used to calculate the spectroscopic and thermodynamic properties of molecules containing atoms H, O and I. The set of molecules and reactions serves as a benchmark for future studies. The results for this training set are compared with reference values coming from an established thermodynamic database. The computed results are promising enough to go on performing ab initio calculations in order to predict thermo-kinetic parameters of other reactions involving iodine-containing species