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Reinjection of ex vivo-expanded primate bone marrow mononuclear cells strongly reduces radiation-induced aplasia



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Bertho JM, Frick J, Demarquay C, Lauby A, Mathieu E, Dudoignon N, Jacquet N, Trompier F, Chapel A, Joubert C, Lopez M, Aigueperse J, Gorin NC, Gourmelon P, Thierry D.
J Hematother Stem Cell Res 2002 11(3):549-64


To assess the therapeutic efficacy of ex vivo-expanded hematopoietic cells in the treatment of radiation-induced pancytopenia, we have set up a non-human primate model. Two ex vivo expansion protocols for bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) were studied. The first consisted of a 7-day culture in the presence of stem cell factor (SCF), Flt3-ligand, thrombopoietin (TPO), interleukin-3 (IL-3), and IL-6, which induced preferentially the expansion of immature hematopoietic cells [3.1 +/- 1.4, 10.0 +/- 5.1, 2.2 +/- 1.9, and 1.0 +/- 0.3-fold expansion for mononuclear cells (MNC), colony-forming units-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM), burst-forming units erythroid (BFU-E), and long-term culture initiating cells (LTC-IC) respectively]. The second was with the same cytokine combination supplemented with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) with an increased duration of culture up to 14 days and induced mainly the production of mature hematopoietic cells (17.2 +/- 11.7-fold expansion for MNC and no detectable BFU-E and LTC-IC), although expansion of CFU-GM (13.7 +/- 18.8-fold) and CD34+ cells (5.2 +/- 1.4-fold) was also observed. Results showed the presence of mesenchymal stem cells and cells from the lymphoid and the megakaryocytic lineages in 7-day expanded BMMNC. To test the ability of ex vivo-expanded cells to sustain hematopoietic recovery after radiation-induced aplasia, non-human primates were irradiated at a supralethal dose of 8 Gy and received the product of either 7-day (24 h after irradiation) or 14-day (8 days after irradiation) expanded BMMNC. Results showed that the 7-day ex vivo-expanded BMMNC shortened the period and the severity of pancytopenia and improved hematopoietic recovery, while the 14 day ex vivo-expanded BMMNC mainly produced a transfusion-like effect during 8 days, followed by hematopoietic recovery. These results suggest that ex vivo expanded BMMNC during 7 days may be highly efficient in the treatment of radiation-induced aplasia.