Experimental comparison of 241 AmBe Neutron fluence energy distributions
Titre du congrès :NEUDOS 10
Ville du congrès :Uppsala
Date du congrès :12/06/2006
Titre de la revue : Radiation Protection Dosimetry 126 issue 1-4 Pages 3-7
241)Am-Be(alpha,n) neutron sources provide one of the most commonly used neutron fields for routine calibration of neutron sensitive devices. The neutron energy distribution of the IRSN standard (241)Am-Be source was measured in the energy region above 1.65 MeV using a BC501A proton-recoil liquid scintillator. The experimental data were compared to the ISO-recommended neutron energy distribution for an (241)Am-Be source. Some differences in shape were observed, with large variations mainly within the energy interval 3-6 MeV and around 8 MeV. Within the framework of a collaboration between three national metrological institutes (PTB, Germany; NPL, UK and LNE-IRSN, France), the neutron energy distributions of (241)Am-Be sources at each laboratory have been compared. The IRSN-BC501A proton-recoil scintillator was used to measure all the sources. The results show different energy distributions a priori influenced by the origin of the source, i.e. the manufacturing process. The maximum deviation observed for the integral dose equivalent, in the measured BC501A energy range, is within the 4% uncertainty recommended by ISO standard 8529-2 to allow for variations of the neutron spectrum among different (241)Am-Be sources. However, knowledge of the energy distribution of an (241)Am-Be source provides a way to reduce the uncertainty in the dose equivalent rate delivered by such a source.