Lung cancer risk associated to exposure to radon and smoking in a case-control study of French uranium miners
Titre de la revue : Health Physics
Volume : 92
N° : 4
Pagination : 371-378
Date de publication : 01/04/2007
A case-control study nested in the cohort of French uranium miners took smoking information into account in investigating the effect of radon exposure on lung cancer risk. Methods: This study included 100 miners who died of lung cancer and 500 controls matched for birth-period and attained age. Data about radon exposure came from the cohort study, and smoking information was retrospectively determined from a questionnaire and occupational medical records. Smoking status (never vs. ever) was reconstructed for 62 cases and 320 controls. Statistical analyses used conditional logistic regression. The effect of radon exposure on lung cancer risk was assessed with a linear excess relative risk model and smoking was considered as a multiplicative factor. Results: Mean cumulative radon exposures were 114.75 and 70.84 Working Level Months (WLM) among exposed cases and controls, respectively. The crude excess risk of lung cancer per 100 WLM was 0.98 (95% CI: 0.18-3.08%). When adjusted for smoking, the excess risk was 0.85 per 100 WLM (95% CI: 0.12-2.79%), still statistically significant. The relative risk related to smoking was equal to 3.04 (95% CI: 1.20-7.70). Discussion: This analysis shows a relative risk of lung cancer related to smoking similar to that estimated from previous miners' cohorts. After adjustment for smoking, the effect of radon exposure on lung cancer risk persists, and its estimated risk coefficient is close to that found in the French cohort without smoking information.