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Analysis of macroseismic effects based on individual questionnaires (BCSF) and comparison to French accelerometer data (RAP)

Chloé Lesueur has defended her thesis on the 23th September 2011 in Strasbourg.

Document type > *Mémoire/HDR/Thesis

Keywords >

Research Unit > IRSN/DEI/SARG/BERSSIN

Authors > Chloé LESUEUR

Publication Date > 23/09/2011

Summary

Comparison between accelerometric and macroseismic observations is made for three Mw~4.5 earthquakes of eastern France between 2003 and 2005. Scalar and spectral instrumental parameters are processed from the accelerometric data recorded by nine accelerometric stations located between 29km and 180km from the epicentres. Macroseismic data are based on the French Internet reports. In addition to the individual macroseismic intensity, analysis of the internal correlation between the encoded answers highlights four predominant fields of questions, bearing different physical meanings: 1) “Vibratory Motions of small objects”, 2) “Displacement and Fall of Objects”, 3) “Acoustic Noise”, and 4) “Personal Feelings”. Best correlations between macroseismic and instrumental observations are obtained when the macroseismic parameters are averaged over 10km radius circles around each station. Macroseismic intensities predicted by published PGV-intensity relationships quite agree with the observed intensities, contrary to those based on PGA. The correlations between the macroseismic and instrumental data, for intensities between II and V (EMS-98), show that PGV is the instrumental parameter presenting the best correlation with all macroseismic parameters. The correlation with response spectra, exhibits clear frequency dependence over a limited frequency range [0.5-33Hz]. Horizontal and vertical components are significantly correlated with macroseismic parameters between 1 and 10Hz, a range corresponding to both natural frequencies of most buildings and high energy content in the seismic ground motion. Between 10 and 25Hz, a clear lack of correlation between macroseismic and instrumental data is observed, while beyond 25Hz the correlation coefficient increases, approaching that of the PGA correlation level.


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