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Irradiation enhances the support of haemopoietic cell transmigration, proliferation and differentiation by endothelial cells

Gaugler MH, Squiban C, Mouthon MA, Gourmelon P, van der Meeren A.
Br J Haematol 2001 Jun;113(4):940-50

Summary

Endothelial cells (ECs) are a critical component of the bone marrow stroma in the regulation of haemopoiesis. Recovery of bone marrow aplasia after radiation exposure depends, in part, on the repair of radiation-induced endothelial damage. Therefore, we assessed the ability of an irradiated human bone marrow EC line (TrHBMEC) to support transmigration, proliferation and differentiation of CD34+ bone marrow cells either irradiated or not in transendothelial migration or co-culture models. Radiation-induced EC damage was reflected by an increased release of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM)-1 and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM)-1. Irradiation of TrHBMECs with a 10 Gy dose strongly enhanced the transmigration of CD34+ cells, granulo-monocytic progenitors (CFU-GM) and erythroid progenitors (BFU-E). While ICAM-1 and PECAM-1 expression on irradiated TrHBMECs was increased, only antibodies against PECAM-1 inhibited the radiation-induced enhanced transmigration of haemopoietic cells. Irradiation of TrHBMECs (5-15 Gy) also increased proliferation and differentiation towards the granulo-monocytic lineage of co-cultured CD34+ cells, as well as colony formation by those cells and the production of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-8, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage CSF. Irradiated TrHBMECs were more capable of stimulating irradiated (1,2 Gy) CD34+ cells and haemopoietic progenitors than non-irradiated TrHBMECs. Together, these results suggest that, despite the radiation-induced damage, irradiated ECs may favour haemopoietic reconstitution after radiation exposure.

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