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A tissue equivalent proportional counter filled with a mixture of tissue equivalent gas and 3He for neutron monitoring


Congress title : 14th International Symposium on Microdosimetry (MICROS 2005)
Congress town : Venise
Congress date : 13/11/2005
Journal title : Radiation Protection Dosimetry 122 issue 1-4 Pages : 390-392

Summary

Tissue equivalent proportional counters (TEPC) allow the measurement of the ambient dose equivalent H* (10) in mixed fields. IRSN has been studying the design and the response of a TEPC in terms of neutron H* (10). First, a cylindrical counter was filled with propane gas at a low pressure. H* (10) measured in monoenergetic neutron fields underestimated the reference (>50%) at low energies (< 500 keV). A small amount of 3 He was then added to the gas in order to increase the response. The underestimation observed decreased but the results (> 40%) were not totally complying with the objectives (< 20%). Finally the choice was made to improve the analysis of the microdosimetric spectra y·d(y) in order to identify the energy of the incident neutrons. The analysis allows a better estimate of H* (10). The aim of this article is to describe the TEPC and the effect of these methods of optimisation.
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