Consolidated argillaceous rocks, potential host rocks for nuclear waste disposal, display particular properties (low water content, very small pore size) that require specific methods, especially for the characterization of their pore-water. The diffusive exchange method was applied to the claystone of Tournemire by taking into account the effect of swelling or micro-cracks induced by drilling. The good agreement of diffusion parameters with those obtained from the through-diffusion method showed that the extent of this disturbance was low. This method led to stable isotope content values in pore-water in good agreement with those measured in the fracture fluids located in the vicinity, validating the method. On the contrary, the vacuum distillation technique gave a systematic depletion in heavy isotopes of water, probably induced by an incomplete extraction of pore-water. For the chloride tracer, the determination of the accessible porosity on each sample allowed the estimate of chloride concentration of pore-water to be improved, by taking into account all the petrophysical heterogeneities.
a/ IRSN, SARG/LETS, BP17-92262 Fontenay-Aux-Roses, France
b/ UMR IDES CNRS-Université Paris-Sud, BAT 504 91405 Orsay, France