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Protocol for emergency EPR dosimetry in fingernails


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Titre de la revue : Radiation Measurements Volume : 42 N° : 6-7 Pagination : 1085-1088 Date de publication : 01/07/2008

Type de document > *Article de revue

Mots clés > dose, mesures, ongles

Unité de recherche > IRSN/DRPH/SDE/LDRI

Auteurs > CALAS Céline, CLAIRAND Isabelle, KORNAK L., LEBLANC B., MITCHELL C., ROMANYUKHA Alexander A., SWARTZ Harold M., TROMPIER François

Date de publication > 01/07/2008

Résumé

There is an increased need for after-the-fact dosimetry because of the high risk of radiation exposures due to terrorism or accidents. In case of such an event, a method is needed to make measurements of dose in a large number of individuals rapidly and with sufficient accuracy to facilitate effective medical triage. Dosimetry based on EPR measurements of fingernails potentially could be an effective tool for this purpose. This paper presents the first operational protocols for EPR fingernail dosimetry, including guidelines for collection and storage of samples, parameters for EPR measurements, and the method of dose assessment. In a blinded test of this protocol application was carried out on nails freshly sampled and irradiated to 4 and 20 Gy; this protocol gave dose estimates with an error of less than 30%.