A substance P receptor antagonist (FK 888) modifies gut alterations induced by ionizing radiation
Esposito V, Linard C, Wysocki J, Griffiths NM, Mathe D
Int J Radiat Biol 1998 Nov;74(5):625-32
PURPOSE: We previously reported disturbances of ileal substance P (SP) levels and of characteristics of specific receptors after ionizing radiation associated with disorders of intestinal motility. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a SP receptor blockade by FK 888 on gut SP levels and contractile properties after rat irradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were exposed to 6 Gy whole-body gamma-irradiation and injected 1 h post-irradiation with FK 888 for 3 days (0.1 mg/kg/day). Plasma and ileal SP concentrations, ileal muscle SP receptor binding and SP-induced contractions in isolated ileum were investigated 3 and 14 days post-irradiation and FK 888 treatment. RESULTS: Irradiation induced an increase of total SP binding site number at day 3 (1.3-fold) and day 14 (1.6-fold). FK 888 had no effect on SP receptor characteristics in irradiated animals. In contrast, FK 888 treatment caused a reduction of endogenous ileal SP level in mucosal (-29%) and muscularis (-40%) layers at day 3 and these decreases were greater at day 14, -88% in mucosal and -61% in muscularis layers. FK 888 treatment decreased efficacy of ileal contraction in both the control and irradiated rat but surprisingly it increased potency at day 3 and decreased it at day 14 in the irradiated rat. CONCLUSIONS: The findings demonstrate that a SP receptor antagonist could be effective on intestine contractility alteration induced several days after ionizing radiation exposure but not at 3 days after irradiation.