How to consider collective and distributed skills in a professional skills system management?
Journal title : PISTES
Volume : 10
Issue : 1
Publication date : 15/05/2008
The purpose of this paper is to characterise collective and distributed skills, in an approach to a professional competence management system, with a sociological and ergonomic focus. These skills are built on action, in particular organisations, and they contribute to daily functioning in a risky industrial context. But collective work in companies is currently paradoxical: on the one hand its value is increased, but on the other hand it is restricted by new kinds of employment. Management individualises the handling of skills and the professional background. The results of our study, in an important industrial and retailing company, highlight that a "single" and individual professional competence management system is a partial system. Work contexts should take into account technical specialities, changes in technology, etc. So an efficient skills management system ought to combine both individual and collective approaches in order to anticipate reliable organisations, and promote the development of collective and distributed skills.