The regulations on the protection and inspection of nuclear materials are intended to detect and prevent the loss, theft or diversion of nuclear materials held in facilities or during transport, or any action to alter, damage or spread them.
It applies to the following nuclear materials: plutonium, uranium, thorium, deuterium, tritium and lithium 6.
The entire system concerned with the regulations is contained in the Code of Defence and is the National Inspection of Nuclear Materials. For the record, it does not deal with protection against ionising radiation, or the safety of nuclear installations, which are the responsibility of the Code for Health and the Environment.
This system requires prior authorisation for natural or legal persons engaged in activities concerning the possession or transportation of nuclear materials.
1- The fusible, fissile and fertile elements mentioned in article L. 1333-1 of the Code of Defence. The list is specified in article R. 1333-1 of Decree No. 2009-1120 of 17 September 2009 (the so-called PCMNIT decree).